Monday, September 24, 2012

Research Paper Sources

1) Robert Klein Engler. "Chicago's Violent Flash Mobs." American Thinker. Web. September 24, 2012. <>
                       -How flash mobs are a result of the Democratic party physically segregating the city using the Dan Ryan Expressway.

2) Editorial Board. "Chicago Still Separate, Unequal." The Columbia Chronicle. Web. September 23, 2012. <>

                         -Shows how residents were forced to live in specific parts of the city and being separated by landscaping.

3) Adam Cohen and Elizabeth Taylor. "Mayor Richard J. Daley: His Battle for Chicago and the Nation." The Czar of Chicago. Web. September 23, 2012. <>

                        -Tells how Mayor Daley built far to many walls, such as the Dan Ryan Expressway. segregating communities and no bridges

4) Ron Grossman. "In rush, Expressways transformed the City." The Chicago Tribune. Web. September 24, 2012. <>

                        -How expressways transformed and affected the city.

5) Chicago Roads. "Dan Ryan Expressway." Chicago Roads. Web. September 24, 2012. <>

                        -Tells about the details and specs of the Dan Ryan Expressway.

6) Frommers. "Chicago (History)." Frommers. Web. October 1, 2012. <>
                       -Talks about the Great Migration and says it transformed Chicago.

7) James Grossman. "Great Migration." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Web. October 1, 2012. <>
                      -Background information on the Great Migration.

8) Robert Fanuzzi. "Segregation City: Chicago In The 60's." Scholastic. Web. October 1, 2012. <>
                     -Ways the government tried to segregate Chicago before Dan Ryan.

9) Brielle Stonaker, Arica Shephard. "Segregation." Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education. Web. October 1, 2012. <>.
                      -Why the whites and government wanted segregation.

10) Dennis McClendon. "Expressways." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Web. October 1, 2012.
                      -Talks about expressways in Chicago and notes Mayor Daley's intentions for building the Dan Ryan.

11) Wallace Best. "Black Belt." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Web. October 1, 2012. <>
                     -Tells what the black belt of Chicago is.

12) Christopher Manning. "African Americans." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Web. October 3, 2012. <>
                    -Talks about the history of African Americans in Chicago and the Black Belt.

13) John M. Hagedorn. "Violence, Gangs, and the Redivision of Space in Chicago." UIC. Web. October 7, 2012. <>
                    -In Chicago, surges of violence have accompanied three great redivisions of space.

14)  The Library of Congress. "Chicago: Destination for the Great Migration." The Library of Congress. Web. October 9, 2012. <>
                   -Talks about the Great Migration and how life was after the migration.

15) John D. Baskerville. "Heading North: African American Migration." UNI. Web. October 9, 2012. <>
                -Talks about the Great Migrationa and tells about a girl who wrote to Chicago defender.

16) James Grossman. "Chicago and the Great Migration." Illinois Periodicals Online. Book. October 11, 2012. <>
              -Tells a personal story about someone during the Great Migration.

17) Edward McClelland. "How Mayor Daley Outfoxed Martin Luther King." NBC Chicago. Web. October 11, 2012. <>
                    -Tells how Martin Luther King's attempts to eliminate segregation in Chicago failed and why they did.

18) Steve Bogira. "Best Reminder of How Chicago Got So Segregated." Chicago Reader. Web. October 11, 2012. <>
                     -Tells about a family who moved into an all white neighborhood and the after effects.

19) Roosevelt University. "A Social History of Chicago's Public Housing." Roosevelt University. Web. October 11, 2012. <>
                     - Details the selecting process for housing tenants in the early 1900's and the living conditions of African American inhabitants.

20) Dan Camponovo. "Camponovo: 'Shady' is a term more racist than you might think." The Daily Northwestern. Web. October 11, 2012. <>
                        -Discusses the negative use of the word 'Shady'.

21) Dempsey J. Travis. "Bronzeville." Encyclopedia of Chicago. Web. October 12, 2012. <>
                         -Talks about the origins of the term "Bronzeville".

22) PBS. "The Chicago Defender." PBS. Web. October 15, 2012/ <>
                         -The Chicago Defender's role in The Great Migration.

23) Adam Cohen and Elizabeth Taylor. An Excerpt from "American Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley — His Battle for Chicago and the Nation." WikiTree. Book. October 17, 2012. <>
                       -This is an excerpt from a book talking about Mayor Daley's racism and want for segregation.

24) Joe Zekas (INTERVIEWER) "Dempsey Travis, on Chatham and racial segregation in Chicago." Yo! Chicago. Video. October 17, 2012. <>
                   -Dempsey J. Travis speaks on racial segregation in Chicago and African Americans. 

Thursday, September 20, 2012

Response to Crevecoeur

Crevecoeur's ideas of what an American is were positive and it was  persuasive enough to make anyone who doesn't live here to come to America to experience all of the great opportunities.  In "Letters from an American Farmer" Crevecoeur highly supported the idea that people who weren't treated fairly in their homeland and didn't have any rights, benefits, etc., could come here to America to start over and become a new person. One they'd arrived, these individuals would shed their old life's and identities and become an American which meant being rewarded for your hard labor and having freedom as a person.
Crevecoeur saw America as a superior country and a truly great place to live. You were always accepted as yourself and for what you do rather than in other countries where you were judged based on your class level. Crevecoeur noted the difference in how in America when you have crops ready to feed yourself or family, no higher authority would come and take it away or claim parts of it as opposed to his homeland. He believed America was a great place where you were treated like a human being and where opportunity was plentiful.

Word Count: 198

Community Posts

  • School
  • Family Game Day
  • Neighborhood

I am apart of many communities but the one i feel most comfortable in is family game day. Our game day is just a day where the entire family gets together and we participate in many activities such as playing sports or table games such as LCR. Our day usually starts off by meeting up at a set house, usually my grandmothers or my Aunts. Everyone brings in a type of food and we set the big table. The kids usually go outside and play while the adults stay in and play card games. After that we all say prayers and eat.

The expectations of this community is to bring in a dish (for adults), get along with everyone, participate in all activities. Just like everyone else, I am required to look out for younger kids, participate in all activities and just have fun. This day is all about learning what activities everyone likes/dislikes and mainly, spending time with each other. 

This community feels comfortable to me because I am surrounded by family and so i don't feel awkward or out of place. I am around people who love me and care for me and i am playing games that I love to play. Also, I am always in a familiar place so that makes me feel right at home.

Community Song Post

Empire State of Mind

Yeah I'm out that Brooklyn.
Now I'm down in Tribeca.
Right next to DeNiro
But I'll be hood forever
I'm the new Sinatra
And since I made it here
I can make it anywhere
(Yeah they love me everywhere)
I used to cop in Harlem
All of my Dominicanos (Hey yo)
Right there off of Broadway
Brought me back to that McDonalds
Took it to my stash spot
560 State Street
Catch me in the kitchen like Simmons whipping Pastry
Cruising down 8th street
Off-white Lexus
Driving so slow
(but BK, it's from Texas!!)
Me I'm out that BedStuy
Home of that boy Biggie
now I live on Billboard
and I brought my boys with me
Say what up to Ta-ta
Still sipping Mai Tais
Sitting courtside
Knicks and Nets give me high-5
N**ga, I be Spiked out
I could trip a referee
...tell by my attitude that I'm MOST DEFINITELY FROM...

[Alicia Keys]
New York!!!!
Concrete jungle where dreams are made of,
There's nothing you cant do,
Now you're in New York!!!
These streets will make you feel brand new,
the lights will inspire you,
Let's hear it for New York, New York, New York

I made you hot n--ga,
Catch me at the X with OG at a Yankee game,
sh-t I made the Yankee hat more famous than a Yankee can,
you should know I bleed Blue, but I ain't a crip tho,
but I got a gang of n--gas walking with my clique though,
welcome to the melting pot,
corners where we selling rocks,
Afrika bambaataa sh-t,
home of the hip hop,
yellow cab, gypsy cab, dollar cab, holla back,
for foreigners it ain't fitted act like they forgot how to act,
8 million stories out there and they're naked,
city it's a pity half of yall wont make it,
me I gotta plug a special and I got it made,
If Jeezy's payin LeBron, Im paying Dwayne Wade,
3 dice cee-lo
3 card marley,
Labor Day parade, rest in peace Bob Marley,
Statue of Liberty, long live the World Trade,
long live the king yo,
Im from the Empire State thats

[Alicia Keys]
In New York!!!!
Concrete jungle where dreams are made of,
There's nothing you cant do,
Now you're in New York!!!
These streets will make you feel brand new,
the lights will inspire you,
Let's hear it for New York, New York, New York

Welcome to the bright light..

Lights is blinding,
girls need blinders
so they can step out of bounds quick,
the side lines is blind with casualties,
who sip the lite casually, then gradually become worse,
dont bite the apple Eve,
caught up in the in crowd,
now you're in-style,
and in the winter gets cold en vogue with your skin out,
the city of sin is a pity on a whim.
good girls gone bad, the city's filled with them,
Mommy took a bus trip and now she got her bust out,
everybody ride her, just like a bus route,
Hail Mary to the city your a Virgin,
and Jesus cant save you life starts when the church ends,
came here for school, graduated to the high life,
ball players, rap stars, addicted to the limelight,
MDMA got you feeling like a champion,
the city never sleeps better slip you a Ambien

[Alicia Keys]
New York!!!!
Concrete jungle where dreams are made of,
There's nothing you cant do,
Now you're in New York!!!
These streets will make you feel brand new,
the lights will inspire you,
Let's hear it for New York, New York, New York

[Alicia Keys]
One hand in the air for the big city,
Street lights, big dreams all looking pretty,
no place in the World that can compare,
Put your lighters in the air, everybody say yeaaahh
come on, come,

[Alicia Keys]
New York!!!!
Concrete jungle where dreams are made of,
There's nothing you cant do,
Now you're in New York!!!
These streets will make you feel brand new,
the lights will inspire you,
Let's hear it for New York, New York, New York!

During the song, Jay-Z describes a historic American city and a certain mindset that comes with it, the "empire state of mind." "But I'll be hood forever" In this line, Jay-Z displays his loyalty to his city saying that no matter where he goes he'll stay dedicated to his roots and loyal to where he came from. Jay-Z feel as if New York is one of the best cities on earth and that it has so much to offer for any and everyone. In the song, New York is described as an inspiring and exciting place where magic happens.